Lower Manhattan is one of the most important and oldest neighborhoods of New York City. It was a major region from where the city expanded and flourished into a glittering metropolis as it is today. Lower Manhattan has numerous historical landmarks that show the significance of the neighborhood in the early development of New York. Also known as the Financial District, Lower Manhattan contains some of the most notable attractions in New York City. The neighborhood is a mix of both historical remains and modern skyscrapers that offers a very different experience to the visitors.
Besides these attractions, there are numerous things to do in Lower Manhattan that visitors will find delighting. It has various shopping areas, dining places, and museums that provide an all-round experience to the visitors. Lower Manhattan contains numerous historical places that will offer a glimpse into the early days of New York City. These are mostly monument and memorials that detail some of the important events that took place in the area. Below are some of the top historical attractions to visit in Lower Manhattan.
Fraunces Tavern is one noteworthy attraction located in Lower Manhattan. Built in 1719, this was initially a private residence of Stephan Delaney, which was then sold to Samuel Fraunces. He converted it into an inn and tavern during the eighteenth century. Fraunces Tavern was visited by many prominent personalities such as George Washington who met and dismissed his officers. Currently, the Fraunces Museum is both a museum and a tavern that will surely be valuable to visitors in knowing more about the history of the place.
The Federal Hall is the place where George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States. Built in 1842, the Federal Hall has served as the US Customs House and US Sub-Treasury building. The building has architectural elements of the Greek revival temple such as the Corinthian columns. The Federal Hall currently has a museum that hosts numerous artifacts such as the Bible that George Washington swore his oath for thje US President, memorabilia obtained from the trial of John Peter Zenger, and many others.
Castle Clinton is a remarkable historical attraction to visit in Lower Manhattan. The castle gets its name from the 19th Century mayor of New York City, DeWitt Clinton. It was actually a fort known as Southwest Battery while also serving as the New York City Aquarium, opera house, and a restaurant. The Castle Clinton along with three other forts served an important role in the war of 1812 to protect the mainland from the approaching naval fleet of the British. Currently, the Castle Clinton serves as the ferry point for going to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
The Trinity Church is a historically relevant attraction to visit in Lower Manhattan. The church is an architectural wonder as it is built from brownstone with a spire. The cross towering at a height of 281 feet has made it was one of the tallest buildings in the 19th Century. The church cemetery contains the graves of Alexander Hamilton and his wife Elizabeth Schuyler. Before it was built, the site contained two Trinity Churches that were burned down and demolished in 1839.
Wall Street is a prominent place and financial center in Lower Manhattan. Established in the eighteenth century, this place derives its name from a wall situated on the northern border of the Dutch colony that existed in the middle of the seventeenth century. Initially, a slave market, the street then developed with the building of the city’s first bank, the Bank of New York. In 1792, the New York Stock Exchange was formed here, and since then, Wall Street has remained the center of financial industry of the country.
African Burial Ground National Monument
Yet another remarkable attraction, the African Burial Ground National Monument was established in 2006. It was actually a burial ground of the African American populations that thrived in the city from the 1600’s to 1794. The fact that it served as a burial ground was discovered during the 1990’s, when the remains of more than 400 bodies were found while constructing a federal building. It has shed light on the heritage and the important role played by the African-American settlement in the development of the city.
Bowling Green is one of the oldest parks in New York City and a must visit attraction in Lower Manhattan. It was actually a parade ground and marketplace before it was converted into a park in 1733. The park had a rich history and was the place where an enthusiastic crowd destroyed the statue of King George III upon hearing the Declaration of Independence on June 9, 1776. In addition, a painting detailing this event is also displayed at the park.