Based on the American Institute of Architects, about half of America’s favorite architectural attractions are located in the National Mall. Its importance in the Nation’s history is undeniable. Below are some of the major attractions and monuments that you can visit with your private tour guide Washington DC in the National Mall.
Thomas Jefferson Memorial
The Jefferson Memorial has always been a crowd-favorite and was voted several times as the top attraction of the Mall. It is a beautiful location, which also hosts several ceremonies every year including Easter sunrise service, the National Cherry Blossom Festival, and many other memorial services. This memorial represents liberty and has been designed with a vision of the smaller version of the Roman Pantheon with marble steps leading up to the main building. Inside, there is a bronze statue of Thomas Jefferson, and the interior is covered with speeches, letters, and the Declaration of Independence.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
President Roosevelt served four terms in the Oval Office, and as an honor to that, the memorial consists of 4 outdoor rooms. In these rooms, there are murals and statues that portray the various important incidents such as World War II and the Great Depression. Besides the chance to revisit and relive some of the crucial moments of the country’s history, you can enjoy the beauty of the surrounding complex as well in the memorial. The building is bordered by the cherry blossoms and it sits beside the Tidal Basin.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
This memorial is dedicated to the members of the US armed forces who fought and died in the Vietnam War. The three parts that comprise the memorial complex include the Vietnam Women’s Memorial, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, and the Three Soldiers statue. This place was heaped in controversy for the lack of decoration and the overall dark tones. However, this soon receded and it eventually became a place of pilgrimage, grieving, and healing. It has even become one of the most visited memorials of the country. Visitors also have a tradition of leaving behind memoirs and photographs honoring their loved ones.
Korean War Veterans Memorial
The Korean War Veterans Memorial was erected in memory of the peace agreement that brought the conflict to a close. It was dedicated in 1995. The memorial has 19 statues of soldiers who represent a patrolling squad. Besides, these men are drawn from the different branches of the army. Their figures create a reflection on the wall that represents the existing wall between the North and South Korea or the 38th parallel. Adjacent to the soldiers is a Mural Wall, which has a collection of 2,400 photographs of men and women who served during Korean War.
One of the favorites among the crowds in the National Mall, this neo-classical monument honors the 16th President of America. Inside, the 19-foot statue of Abraham Lincoln is portrayed as looking at the Washington Monument and the Reflecting Pool from his permanent seat. Inaugurated in 1922, this iconic monument has witnessed many historic moments. One of the most important ones is the Martin Luther King, Jr. speech, “I Have a Dream”, given in front of 250,000 attendees.
National World War II Memorial
The National World War II Memorial commemorates the sacrifice of the 16 million men and women in the brutal battle. More than 400,000 lost their lives and they are honored in this beautiful memorial. With more than 4.2 million visits per year, it is one of the most visited places in the National Mall. Every year, more than 300 honor flights bring the battle veterans of World War II and the Korean and Vietnam wars to the place to dedicate their respect.
This is a monumental obelisk that was erected to honor the first President of America, George Washington. It is the tallest freestanding stone structure in the world today. Its construction was paused during the Civil War from 1854 to 1877. The stones used prior to this are different from those used afterward as one can observe. You will notice a color change from about one-third of height. These were used after the Civil War.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial
This is a memorial that was opened in 2011 and pays homage to the memory of the famous humanitarian leader who is well known for the Civil Rights Movement, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The base of the memorial is rooted upon the famous speech if Dr. King, “I Have a Dream”, which was delivered from the Lincoln Memorial in 1963. In the speech, he says, “With this faith, we will be able to hew out of a mountain of despair, a stone of hope.” The statue of Dr. King represents the “stone of hope”, while the two pieces of granite near him represent the “mountain of despair”.