Albert Einstein, world’s renowned German theoretical physicist, is very well known for his vast contributions in modern Physics and Quantum Mechanics. He published around 300 scientific papers and 150 non-scientific papers. The “Annus Mirabilis” papers have 4 articles, which contributed to the foundation of modern Physics. The four papers discussed about special theory of relativity, Brownian motion, photoelectric effect, and mass–energy equivalence. He even won the Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 1921.
Visiting the Albert Einstein memorial on a Washington DC tour will be quite an interesting thing for all the science lovers. The memorial is located in the southwest corner of the National Academy of Sciences and was sculpted by Robert Berks. In honor of Einstein’s birth, the memorial was unveiled at the academy’s annual meeting on April 22, 1979. The statue was described by physicist John Archibald Wheeler as, “A monument to the man who united space and time into space-time… a remembrance of the man who taught us…that the universe does not go on from everlasting to everlasting, but begins with a bang.”
The statue depicts Albert Einstein seated on a three step bench of Mont Airy white granite. The bronze statue is 12 feet tall and weighs four tons. The monument is supported by three caissons, which are sunk in bedrock up to a depth of about 25 feet. On the left hand, the figure holds a paper that summarizes three of the most important contributions By Einstein, namely theory of general relativity, the equivalence of energy, and matter and the photoelectric effect.
Apart from that, three of Einstein’s quotations have also been engraved on the bench:
“As long as I have any choice in the matter, I shall live only in a country where civil liberty, tolerance, and equality of all citizens before the law prevail.”
“Joy and amazement of the beauty and grandeur of this world of which man can just form a faint notion.”
“The right to search for truth implies also a duty; one must not conceal any part of what one has recognized to be true.”
The star map at the statue’s base is embedded with 2,700 metal studs that represent the location of the sun, the moon, stars, planets, and other celestial bodies, which are accurately positioned by astronomers of the US Naval Observatory. The studs vary in sizes, each of which denotes a different magnitude of the relevant object.